Study guide's LTK - Dentistry 2009-2010, 2009-10 information (E)

General information Instruction Examinations Study modules Courses



1.1. ECTS Departmental Coordinator

DDS, PhD, Senior Research Fellow Virpi Harila

Tel: +358 8 537 5011

Fax: +358 8 537 5503



1.2. General description of the Institute of Dentistry

The Institute of Dentistry at Oulu University is one of three Dental Schools in Finland giving both under and post-graduate dental education. Our specific mission is to educate scientifically thinking, clinically competent professional dentists, dental specialists and doctors of dental science. The website of the Institute can be found at


Head of Department

DDS, PhD, Professor of Oral development and Orthodontics, Pertti Pirttiniemi

e-mail pertti.pirttiniemi(at), tel +358 (0)8 537 5491


Research areas

The Institute of Dentistry is divided into seven departments. All departments are headed by full professors who are in charge of the research and training in respective areas. Research is  also carried out in co-ordination with several departments both within and outside the University of Oulu. For details of research projects see links to Departments:

2. Information on Degree Programme


2.1. General description

The degree of Licentiate of Dentistry is 300 ECTS credits. An academic year consists of 60 credits. The studies are pre-scheduled and the average time required to complete the degree is five years.


In Finland, the National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health is responsible for awarding legal status to dentists and for overseeing the profession. After having the dental degree, the graduate applicant can apply for restricted legal recognition from the National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health. This entitles dentist to take certain posts in health care centres under supervision and guidance. After the graduates have worked for nine months under supervision the National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health grants them full recognition, which is the prerequisite for working as a private practitioner and for applying for posts and duties in the field of dentistry in Finland.


Studies in dentistry consist of preclinical and clinical phases including theoretical studies, phantom courses and clinical work with patients. Students have their first contacts with patients already at the preclinical phase of the curriculum. In order to arrange teaching to cover more comprehensive themes certain subjects from different departments have been integrated and taught together.


The theoretical studies during the first two preclinical years consist of cell biology; anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and public health. After this stage the studies continue at the facilities of the Institute of Dentistry for three years period. Clinical phase comprises of lectures, clinical demonstrations, teamwork and actual clinical work with patients. The work with the patients gives the students the necessary skills in clinical diagnostics and treatment procedures.


2.2. Qualification awarded

Licentiate of Dentistry, (Equivalent to D.D.S. degree in Anglo-American countries)


2.3. Admission requirements

The admission requirements for studies in dentistry comprise the Matriculation Examination Certificate and an entrance examination. All applicants have to participate in the national entrance examination, which is usually arranged in May. The entrance examination is based on Finnish or Swedish textbook and consists of integrated problems of chemistry, biology and physics. The language of the entrance examination is Finnish.


2.4.  Educational and professional goals

The education is based on competence areas that include thorough knowledge on general medicine, oral biology, materials, society and management; good diagnostic, practical and interaction skills; ability in acquiring and assessing information as well as humanity. The competences follow the seven domains that are described by Association for Dental Education in Europe (ADEE). These have been identified to represent the broad categories of professional activity and concerns that occur in the general practice of dentistry.


I.    Professionalism

II.   Interpersonal, Communication and Social Skills

III.  Knowledge Base, Information and Information literacy

IV.  Clinical Information Gathering

V.   Diagnosis and Treatment Planning

VI.  Therapy: Establishing and Maintaining Oral Health

VII . Prevention and Health Promotion


2.5.  Access to further studies


Institutes of Dentistry are also responsible for specialist training in Finland. Before entering post-graduate training, which takes from three to six years, the trainee must have worked two years in general practice. The aim of specialist training is to provide the dentists with advanced, comprehensive theoretical and practical skills which are defined as clinical dentistry, orthodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery and health care. A national examination is arranged and must be passed by each trainee.

Doctor of Dental Science (Equivalent to Ph.D. degree in Anglo-American countries)

Dental graduates may continue their studies to Doctor of Dental Science. This includes preparing a dissertation and completing other doctorate studies. In order to obtain the degree, a doctoral candidate must participate in theoretical research training, the extent of which is 20 ECTS credits. The training includes prescribed courses in general postgraduate training (5 credits) and special training (15 credits) according to the topic. The candidate must also conduct research, write and publish a doctoral dissertation and defend it in a public debate. Generally the minimum time needed to obtain a doctorate corresponds to 3 to 4 years of full-time work.


2.6.  Course structure diagram (with ECTS credits)

Structure of the Degree Programme

The degree programme is divided into six sections:
General studies (G)   6 credits
Language studies (L)  6 credits
Basic studies (B)  103,5 credits
Subject studies (S)  89,4 credits
Advanced studies (A)  61,1 credits
Practical training (T)  34 credits



Year 3

(1st Clinical year)

Year 4

(2nd Clinical year)

Year 5

(3rd Clinical year)

General studies (G)




Language studies (L)




Basic studies (B)




Subject studies (S)




Advanced studies (A)




Practical training (T)




ECTS credits














The preclinical phase lasts for two years and mostly consists of basic and biomedical studies and subject studies. The completion of clinical phase takes three years.


2.7.  Final examination

To obtain the degree final examination has to be completed in following courses:

090302A   Oral Pathology

090501A   Pedodontics, Cariology and Endodontics

090502A   Oral Surgery

090503A   Prosthetic Dentistry

090504A   Stomatognathic Physiology

090505A   Parodontology and Geriatric Dentistry

090506A   Oral Radiology

090510A   Community Dentistry

090601A   Oral Development and Orthodontics

In advanced studies the student concentrates on some specific topic, which has scientific relevance in the work of dentist. Advanced studies include thesis work (20 ECTS credits).


2.8. Examination and Assessment Regulations

Assessment is based on examinations, exercises, essays, field work, clinical work, reports or any other method determined pedagogically appropriate for the particular course. All the exams can be retaken. Additional information is given from the organizing department.  Clinical work is assessed biannually.

Grades used for assessment of the courses are: 5 (excellent; ECTS A), 4 (very good; ECTS B), 3 (good; ECTS C), 2 (satisfactory; ECTS D), 1 (sufficient; ECTS E); fail.