Study guide's FHum - History, 2019-20 information (E)

General information Instruction Examinations Degree structure Study modules Courses


Address: History, PL 1000, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland
Telephone: Study Counsellor +358 29 448 3302 University Lecturer Matti Enbuske, Academic Affairs Secretary



Admission requirements

History is one of the majors of the Degree Programme in History, Culture and Communication. You can get a major subject right by participating in the entrance exam. The examination is common with the History of science and ideas. In the spring of the first year of study, the student chooses which of the subjects he or she wishes to be the major in Bachelor's and Master's degree.

History may be studied as a major subject by anyone who has passed the annual entrance examination held in the spring.

History may be studied as a subsidiary (minor) subject by passing the entrance exam for Basic and Intermediate Studies held during spring (more information about exam dates and required readings can be found on the department’s website). 

A curriculum of History courses on offer is published at the beginning of each semester. Information about a possible info session is available on the department's website.


Study guidance

Study guidance is offered by University Lecturer Matti Enbuske, phone: +358 29 448 3302, Matti.Enbuske(at)



Characteristic of History as a discipline is its extent and versatility. In an integrating world, History forms the basis for world knowledge and understanding today’s problems and changes on a global, as well as a local level. Study and research in the field of History is focused on cultural and international interaction, environment and health, and Arctic history. Furthermore, the field of History examines the historical developments, changes and continuity from the Antiquity to the present day. The aims of the studies are to master the knowledge of the central characteristics of historical development and to perceive the significance of historical knowledge and perspective in our time. During the studies, students will become professionals in gathering, analysing, producing, and presenting historical and societal knowledge. The studies are comprised of lectures, online courses, seminars, written and oral exercises, writing assignments and theses, book exams, group work and independent research. One of the most important requisites in the study of the fields of History is sufficient knowledge of languages. Primarily, students will need passive language skills; i.e. the ability to understand texts written in a foreign language. Students will specialise in the research of an area of their interest, and they will acquire a strong all-round education needed for various careers. The degree can include studies abroad and work practice. The study of History gives students the competence to work in various careers in education, research, archives, libraries, museums, media, and local or international organisations.


Employment prospects

Information about employment prospects can be found in the student’s handbook Manuale Historiae (in Finnish) available at, and from the Student and Career Counselling website ( ).


Practical information

Practical information can be found in the History department’s study guide Manuale Historiae (in Finnish). All history students will receive a copy of the study guide, and it can also be found on the department’s website linked above.


Study packages and learning outcomes

The Basic Studies courses in History are shared with those of the History of Science and Ideas. The Basic Studies package will give students an overview of history and its key developments. Students are also introduced to historical thought and academic writing. The methodology studies focus on criticism characteristic of scientific thought and the basic methods in history research.

Upon completion of the Basic Studies package, students will have acquired the knowledge, skills, and conceptual understanding required for the critical evaluation of the past and related research. Students will understand the nature of historical thought and the different approaches to it, as well as recognise the key developments and connections of the histories of Finland, Europe, and the world. In addition, students will be able to produce presentations based on their expertise, as well as other written and oral presentations.

The Intermediate Studies package will lay a foundation for independent research. Students will be familiarised with various research practises, different fields of history and themes of their interest by application of a variety of diverse learning methods. Upon completion of the Intermediate Studies package, students will have a broad understanding of the points of view, methods and sources of the research of history, as well as the scope of the field, multifaceted research questions, central research principles, and methodological trends. Students will have the necessary skills to formulate research questions, use existing knowledge and sources, and document information. In addition, students will understand scientific problem-solving, argumentation, critique and dialogue required by a Master’s Degree. Students will have the basic skills required to apply scientific knowledge to designing and conducting independent research and small-scale theses based on their expertise.

The Advanced Studies package will create the basis for researching central historical phenomena according to the students’ interests and creating historical knowledge independently by way of theory studies and other specialisation studies. Simultaneously, the studies will develop the students’ working skills.

Upon completion of the Advanced Studies package, students will be able to design and conduct advanced information seeking and application activities, as well as produce scientific knowledge. Students will be able to critically evaluate various sources and claims, as well as present the results of a research process in a coherent, written thesis. Students will be able to apply central research methods and terms of the study of history, and they will have the ability to apply methods and theories from the fields of other sciences as well. Students will be able to recognise the multifaceted field of the research of history and place their own research within a larger discourse. Students will be capable to independently follow the debates within the field. Through specialisation, students will gain an advanced readiness to interpret, analyse and communicate not only the nature of historical knowledge but also the nature of any knowledge. Upon gaining a Master’s Degree, students, as professionals in the field of history, will be able to independently work in challenging tasks requiring analysis, creativity and ethical judgment, and they will be able to act as experts in various tasks, groups or communities.












Basics of World History 10 ECTS credits


History of Science and Ideas 5 ECTS credits


Studies introducing  research practices 10 ECTS credits




Arctic Studies 5 ECTS credits


Cultural and International Interaction 5 ECTS credits


Environment and Health 5 ECTS credits

Courses in related fields and international studies 10 ECTS credits

Studies introducing research practices 10 ECTS credits


Pro Seminar (Minor Students) 10 ECTS credits


Bachelor’s Seminar and Thesis (Major Students) 10 ECTS credits







Philosophy of History 5 ECTS credits


History of Historiography 5 ECTS credits

Specialisation studies and international studies 10 ECTS credits

Methodology 5 ECTS credits


Master’s Seminar 10 ECTS credits


Master’s (Pro Gradu) Thesis 40 ECTS credits

History as a Profession 5 ECTS credits




Basic Studies of History (25 ECTS credits):

1. 700123P From Ancient Civilisations to the Early Modern Period (5 ECTS credits)

2. 700124P Late Modern and Contemporary History (5 ECTS credits)

3. 700125P The History of Sciences and Ideas (5 ECTS credits)

4. 700126P Introduction to the Study of History (5 ECTS credits)

5. 700127P Methodology: From Basics to Application (5 ECTS credits)


Intermediate Studies of History (45 ECTS credits):

1. 700333 Research Methods (5 ECTS credits)

2. 700320A Statistical Methods and Archive Skills (5 ECTS credits)

3. 700321A Arctic Studies (5 ECTS credits)

4. 700322A Cultural and International Interaction (5 ECTS credits)

5. 700323A Environment and Health (5 ECTS credits)

6. 700324A Focus Areas of History and International Studies (5 ECTS credits)

7. 700325A Courses in Related Fields of History (5 ECTS credits)

8. 700723A Bachelor’s Seminar and Thesis (10 ECTS credits) - for major students

9. 700424A Maturity Examination (History Majors) (0 ECTS credits) - for major students

10. 700422A Pro Seminar and Thesis (10 ECTS credits) - for minor students


Advanced Studies of History (80 ECTS credits)

1. 700326S Research Today (5 ECTS credits)

2. 706026S Philosophy of History and Historiography (5 ECTS credits)

3. 700332P Digital Humanities (5 ECTS credits)

4. 700329S Specialisation Studies and International Studies I (5 ECTS credits)

5. 700330S Specialisation Studies and International Studies II (5 ECTS credits)

6. 700331S History as a Profession (5 ECTS credits)

7. 700430S Master’s Seminar (10 ECTS credits)

8. 700431S Master’s Thesis (40 ECTS credits)

9. 700432S Maturity Examination (History Majors) (0 ECTS credits)


Specialisation option in Archival Studies

Students majoring in History can choose the option of specialising in Archival Studies for their Master’s degree. The studies are comprised of 80 ECTS credits in the Advanced Studies of Archival Studies as well as 40 ECTS credits of subsidiary (minor) studies. The specialisation option in Archival Studies will lead to a Master’s Degree in Philosophy (120 ECTS credits). Students completing their Master’s Degree in the specialisation option will graduate as Philosophy Masters in their major fields. The studies are comparable to the earlier higher Archival Studies degree of The National Archives Service. The studies are organised in cooperation with The National Archives Service.

Every other year, six students are chosen to commence studies in the specialisation option; four students of History and two students of the History of Science and Ideas. Criteria for acceptance are:

a)    Completion of the Basic and Intermediate Studies packages of the major subject so that the students have at least begun writing their Bachelor’s Thesis,

b)    Study success

c)    Motivation letter

Recommended subsidiary subjects are, for example, Information Studies and Management Sciences. Information Processing Science is also an excellent subsidiary subject as archives are increasingly digitised.

The specialisation option in Archival Studies combines a theoretical university education with a rapidly developing expert education. The study of History is an excellent prerequisite for the Archival Studies. Archival Studies require knowledge of the government, knowledge of documents, and the knowledge of the management of evaluating documents. The specialisation option in Archival Studies is comprised of a significant part of supervised practice in The National Archives Service and other archives.

Students graduating from the Archival Studies are employed into leadership and expert positions in the National Archives Service, the government, city and municipal archives, healthcare and social welfare and healthcare organisations, National Land Survey of Finland or the private sector.



700140Y             Personal Study Plan 3 (Candidate's degree), 0 ECTS cr

700130S             Basics of Document Management, 2 ECTS cr

700131S             Basics of Archive Laws and the Field of Archives, 2 ECTS cr

700132S             Evaluation and Screening of Documents, 3 ECTS cr

700133S             Evaluation and Screening of Documents, 3 ECTS cr

700134S             Electronic Document Management, 4 ECTS cr

700135S             Basics of Document Management and Creating Archives, 2 ECTS cr

700136S             Work Practice in Archives, 12 ECTS cr

700137S             Document Preservation and Demand, 2 ECTS cr

700430S             Master's Seminar, 10 ECTS cr

700431S             Pro Gradu Thesis, 40 ECTS cr

700432S             Maturity Examination (History), 0 ECTS c