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488501S Smart Grid I: Integrating renewable energy sources, 5 op 
Tunniste 488501S  Voimassaolo 01.08.2016 -
Nimi Smart Grid I: Integrating renewable energy sources  Lyhenne Smart Grid I: I 
Laajuus5 op   
OpiskelumuotoSyventävät opinnot Oppiaine4357 Prosessi- ja ympäristötekniikka 
  Arvostelu1 - 5, hyv, hyl 
Vastuuyksikkö Prosessi- ja ympäristötekniikan ala 

Eva Pongracz 


5 cr/150 hours of work




Period 2


The student is able to explain the concept of smart grids, the evolution of smart grids from

electricity power grids, the information technology requirements as well as the economic,

environmental and social implications of smart grids. The student can explain the basic functioning of energy markets in Finland and the Nordic countries as well as the basics of electricity and carbon pricing. The student is also able to find real time data on variable energy sources (VRES) and able to apply the residual curve equation. The student can also explain the costs of large scale VRES integration and how they can be mitigated. The student can also explain demand site flexibility and the need for flexibility services emerging in the smart grid system. The student will know the expectations from smart grids and is able to outline the future perspectives of smart grid-based energy systems. The student is able to draft a scenario for the decarbonization of the energy system by 2050, and assess its economic, environmental and geopolitical implications, as well as the technological and infrastructural gaps.


Multidisciplinary course, offered at the Faculty of Technology (Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering research group – WE3), in cooperation with Oulu Business School (OBS, Department of Economics) and the Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering (Centre of Wireless Communication - CWC).

After an introductory presentation on the requirements, the background is set on the energy and environmental crisis, the co-evolution of energy and information systems and outlining the transition to a smarter system. Further, lectures on smart grids will be provided from an electrical engineering and information technology view on the evolution of electricity power grids, power generation transmission and distribution; distributed generation and futures of smart grids. From an environmental engineering point of view, lectures will be delivered on energy systems fundamentals, climate goals and decarbonization, as well as on the sustainability of smart grids will in particular the environmental and social impacts of smart grids. From economics points of view, lectures will be given on the liberalization and deregulation of the electricity market, electricity pricing, transmission and distribution as natural monopolies, smart grids and new market mechanisms, and the economic impacts of large-scale integration of renewable energy sources. Participation on lectures is not compulsory, but students are to answer to problem questions.

As an exercise, students will be given a group work assignment that they are to work with throughout the duration of the course with the help of mentors. The subjects of the exercise is achieving climate goals and the future of energy systems.


Implemented as face-to-face teaching and student seminar. The course largely relies on participatory learning, therefore, there are compulsory participation requirements.


Lectures 32 h / student presentations 8 h, Guided group work: 8 h, individual homework 50 h/group work 37 h.


Master's students of environmental engineering, especially of energy and environmental engineering orientation; Master's students in economics; Master's students of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology.


For Environmental Engineering students, admission to the Master's programme, for which minimally a former bachelor's degree is required. For other students the Bachelor level studies. A minimum of 10 ECTS worth of prior energy studies, bachelor level studies are acceptable. For example at Oulu: 488202S Production and use of energy, 488504S Fundamentals of nuclear energy. 


Will be provided during the course by the lecturers.

Chen-Ching Liu, Stephern McArthur and Seung-Jae Lee (eds.)(2016) Smart Grids handbook, 3 volume set, and Stephen F. Bush (2014): Smart Grid: Communication-Enabled Intelligence for the Electric Power Grid. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9781118820216.

Suoritustavat ja arviointikriteerit 

Answering problem questions and group exercise. Compulsory requirements are completing learning portfolio, answering of at least 75% of problem questions, participation in 50% of intermediate presentations and compulsory participation in the final presentation.


The course evaluation will be based on an on-line learning portfolio and performance in the exercise participation and exercise report. The course unit utilizes a numerical grading scale 1-5. In the numerical scale, zero stands for a fail.


Docent Eva Pongrácz (EEE) and Prof. Maria Kopsakangas-Savolainen (OBS). Other lecturers: EEE: Dr. Antonio Caló, Dr. Jean-Nicolas Louis; OBS: Prof. Rauli Svento, M.Sc. Mari Heikkinen, M.Sc. Hannu Huuki, M.Sc. Santtu Karhinen, M.Sc. Enni Ruokamo; CWC: Dr. Sc. Jussi Haapola.


The number of students is limited. This course is a 5 credit course for engineering students, but economics students gain overall 6 credits by doing a mandatory extra assignment which corresponds to 1 credit.


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