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750658S Pro gradu thesis in biology, 40 ECTS cr 
Code 750658S  Validity 01.08.2015 -
Name Pro gradu thesis in biology  Abbreviation Pro gradu thesi 
Scope40 ECTS cr   
TypeAdvanced Studies Discipline3205 Biology 
TypeDiploma thesis   
  Grading1 - 5, pass, fail 
Unit Field of Biology 

ECTS Credits 

40 ECTS credits / 1067 hours of work.

Language of instruction 

Finnish / English.


M.Sc. 1st or 2nd year.

Learning outcomes 

Student knows the research methods in specific field of biology. She is conversant with her field of thesis and is able to scientific thinking, estimating the results, analysing, drawing conclusions and scientific communicating.


Literary work which in general includes experimental research work. Student gets profoundly acquainted on certain special field in biology.

Mode of delivery 

Face-to-face teaching.

Learning activities and teaching methods 

Independent research work on a scientific subject in agreement with the responsible professor and under the supervision of the Department. The supervisors may be professors of the department, docents and other teachers and researchers who have the docent’s status. The student may have several supervisors, the other supervisor may be from other department, university (also abroad) or from research institute.  The subject must be agreed on with the professor in advance. The research work can contain fieldwork, laboratory work, theoretical work or work on collections in museum. The work always includes a literature survey. After completing the thesis, Ecogen student will write maturity exam (if not done in the BSc degree). For Finnish student who has already made essay maturity exam for the B.Sc. degree the M.Sc. maturity exam will be the abstract that the student will load to the Laturi system with the M.Sc. thesis (exception: ECOGEN students). The programme director will order the final examiners by the proposal of the professor. Pro gradu working group accepts and grades the thesis on the basis of the final examiners’ opinions.  

Target group 

ECO and BS: compulsory 40 cr. TEA: 40 cr. optional.

Prerequisites and co-requisites 

Sufficient amount of basic and subject level studies in order to be able to do independent research work.

Recommended optional programme components 


Recommended or required reading 


Assessment methods and criteria 

Literary work.

Read more about assessment criteria at the University of Oulu webpage.


Numerical grading scale 0 – 5, where 0 = fail.

Person responsible 

Assoc. Prof. Heikki Helanterä, Prof. Hely Häggman or Prof. Timo Muotka.

Working life cooperation 

Thesis is made in research groups.

Other information 



Current and future instruction
No instruction in WebOodi

Future examinations
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