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A540144 Microbiology and immunology, 10 ECTS cr 
Code A540144  Validity 01.08.2017 -
Name Microbiology and immunology  Abbreviation Microbiology an 
Scope10 ECTS cr   
TypeBasic Studies Discipline5401 Medicine 
TypeStudy module   
  Grading1 - 5, pass, fail 
Unit Medicine 

Timo Hautala 

ECTS Credits 

10 ECTS credits / 270 hours of work

Language of instruction 

Finnish, some lectures given in English


The course starts autumn period continuing to spring. Second year, C3 and C4.

Learning outcomes 

Upon completion of the study module, the student will be able to explain the basic structure, function and regulation of immune defense systems in humans. The student masters the ways that immune defense system can discriminate the foreign and self structures, how are the different defense responses generated and regulated; what is immune tolerance and how is the immunological memory formed. The student masters also the clinical outcomes of malfunctional immune system.

During the study module the student gets familiar with the essential pathogens and knows their most important properties, can associate the common diseases with the pathogens, and knows the basics of antimicrobial treatment and the prevention of the diseases. The student also masters the suitable diagnostic methods and their limitations in the detection of the pathogens.

In this study module, the student will gain skills of working as a member of expert group. The group work strengthens the student in scientific communication and teaches to carry responsibility of collaboratively produced knowledge. The student will learn skills to give feedback to peers and appreciate the feedback obtained in the group work.



Innate immunity, antigen capture and presentation to lymphocytes, antigen recognition in the adaptive immune system, T-cell mediated immunity, effector mechanisms of T-cell mediated immunity, humoral immune responses, effector functions of humoral immunity, immunological tolerance and autoimmunity, immune responses to tumors and transplants, hypersensitivity



introduction to bacteriology and virology, microbiological samples and obtaining the samples, basic diagnostics in microbiology, the most important bacteria and viruses in respiratory infections, the infections of alimentary canal, urinary tract and sexually transmitted infections, skin infections, zoonotic infections, sepsis and difficult infections, infections in primary health care, resistance to antimicrobial agents, anaerobic bacteria, mechanisms of pathogenesis in infectious diseases, impact of infectious diseases in society and the infectious disease epidemiology.

Mode of delivery 

Mainly face-to-face teaching. Collaborative learning objectives are issued via e-learning platform.

Learning activities and teaching methods 


14h lectures

30h self-study for group work

15h group work

2h immunology examination

47h independent work



14h lectures

30h self-study for group work

12h group work

3h laboratory practice

2h preparing the presentation

2h microbiology examination

99h independent work

Target group 

Medicine and dentistry students

Prerequisites and co-requisites 

No prerequisites.

Recommended optional programme components 

The course has to be completed during the first two years of medical and dental studies.

Recommended or required reading 

Abbas, Lichtman & Pillai: Basic Immunology: 6th ed.

Heikkinen et al. Mikrobiologia, 2010 (rev. 2020)

Murray et al. Medical Microbiology, 9th ed.

Lecture and group work material

Assessment methods and criteria 

The assessment of the course is based on the learning outcomes of the course. This course utilizes shared expertise and collaborative learning methods. Attendance, preparation and participation in the group work is mandatory for the completion of the study module. The student will get feedback from the peers about the expert role in discussions.

The immunology and microbiology parts are evaluated separately and both parts have to be passed. Passed examination is more than 60% of the total points.

The student has a possibility to complete the immunology examination in the mid-course after the immunology entity or in combination with the microbiology examination at the end of the course.



The course utilizes a numerical grading scale 1-5. In the numerical scale zero stands for a fail.

The group-work is evaluated by pass/fail scale

Person responsible 

Professor of medical microbiology and immunology Timo Hautala

Working life cooperation 

Experts from the local primary health care units, hospitals and diagnostic companies give some of the clinical introductory lectures.


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