Data on the course

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091773S Orthodontics II, 3 ECTS cr 
Code 091773S  Validity 01.08.2017 -
Name Orthodontics II  Abbreviation Orthodont II 
Scope3 ECTS cr   
TypeAdvanced Studies Discipline5402 Dentistry 
  Grading1 - 5, pass, fail 
Unit Dentistry 

Pirttiniemi, Pertti Mikael 

ECTS Credits 

3 ECTS credits

Language of instruction 



4th study year (Fall semester)

Learning outcomes 

After passing the course, the student understands the concepts the normal growth of the craniofacial region and expands the understanding towards growth deviations. The student understand how the tooth develops and erupts and the occlusion is formed. After these studies student can assess the developing occlusion and determine the treatment need. Student has knowledge and skills to assess the timing of the treatment and treatment options and can consider between orthodontic devices in different stages of occlusal development with the help of patient documentation and published research. Furthermore the student is aware of the possibilities and limitations in modifying occlusal development.


Normal and abnormal development in craniofacial region. Normal dental and occlusal development.

The pathogenesis of malocclusions and the most usual orthodontic treatment of them is brought up especially from the viewpoint of growth.
The retention of orthodontic treatment and growth.
Screening in orthodontics.
The course includes the pathogenesis of the most frequent syndromes and developmental aberrations in the orofacial area and the orthodontics in cleft children.
The developmental history in dental anthropology and genetics are dealed with as well as dental morphology in different species and human populations. In addition, dental features of some groups of individuals with developmental abnormalities are discussed.

Treatment protocols with the aid of documentation of treated patient cases; give a summary on research articles.

Mode of delivery 

Blended teaching

Learning activities and teaching methods 

Lectures 27 hours, group learning 14 hours

Target group 

4th year Dental students

Prerequisites and co-requisites 

091771A Basic Skills in Orthodontics

Recommended optional programme components 

Oral Development and Orthodontics

Recommended or required reading 

An Introduction to Orthodontics. 5th ed. Littlewood, Mitchell 2019 (chapters 19, 23, 24)

Pediatric dentistry. A clinical approach. 2 nd ed. by G. Koch, S. Poulsen, 2009 (chapters 14-15).

Various published research articles and lecture hand-outs.

A. Nanci: Ten Cate's Oral Histology. Development, Structure, and Function. 2008 (chapters 3,5,10).

Additional reading (latest edition):

H. Sariola: Solusta yksilöksi. Kehitysbiologia. Duodecim

Aula, Kääriäinen, Leisti: Perinnöllisyys-lääketiede. Duodecim

Assessment methods and criteria 

Passing of essay examination

Active memeber in group work
The course is incuded in the final examination of oral development and orthodontics

Read more about assessment criteria at the University of Oulu webpage.


The course unit utilizes a numerical grading scale 1-5. In the numerical scale zero stands for a fail.

Person responsible 

Professor Pertti Pirttiniemi, Raija Lähdesmäki

Working life cooperation 


Other information 

The course is included in the final examination.


Current and future instruction
Functions Name Type ECTS cr Teacher Schedule
Registration Ortodontia II  Course  Pirttiniemi, Pertti Mikael  24.03.22 -07.04.22

Future examinations
Functions Name Type ECTS cr Teacher Schedule
Registration Ortodontia II exam  Exam  Pirttiniemi, Pertti Mikael  14.04.22
Registration Ortodontia II exam  Exam  Pirttiniemi, Pertti Mikael  23.05.22
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