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040201A Anatomy and medical cell and developmental biology, 21-22 ECTS cr 
Code 040201A  Validity 01.08.2010 -
Name Anatomy and medical cell and developmental biology  Abbreviation Anatomy and med 
Scope21-22 ECTS cr   
TypeBasic Studies Discipline5401 Medicine 
  Grading1 - 5, pass, fail 
Unit Medicine 

Tuukkanen, Kaarlo Juha Kullervo 

ECTS Credits 

21 credits

Language of instruction 



C1 Autumn term of the 1 st year

Learning outcomes 

Upon completion of the medical cell and developmental biology part of the course the student should be able to:

- describe the structure of various cell types (especially mammalian cells) and the structure and function of cell organelles

- describe cell growth and cell division

- present the principles of the regulation of cell function and genetic regulation

- list the common research techniques in cell biology

- display an understanding of gametogenesis, fertilization, embryonal development (0-40days) and its regulation as well as the development of embryonal malformations.

- display an understanding of human growth and development.

- identify and describe the basic tissues of the human body and the microscopic structure of the tissues for understanding their normal and pathological function


Upon completion of the anatomy part of the course the student should be able to:

- understand the structure, development and function of the human body in order to manage the rest of the preclinical and clinical studies

- identify and describe the structures essential for all medical doctors in diagnostics and treatment, especially for first aid.

- display common anatomical knowledge for understanding medical theory and research and for dealing with evidence based medicine.


Cell evolution and cell biology, human embryonal development (embryology), basic tissues which make up the organs (histology).


Systemic anatomy: blood, cardiovascular system and lymphatic system, thorax and respiratory system, abdomen and alimentary system, urinary system and integument, pelvis and genital systems, endocrine system, musculoskeletal system and nervous system and sensory organs. Regional anatomy and topographical anatomy, organ development and histology integrated with the previous titles. Examples of the applications of the anatomical knowledge in clinical cases.

Learning activities and teaching methods 

The course consists of
-Lectures 142 h (in Finnish) 
-Small group exercises 69 h. Small group teaching will be provided in 2-4 h exercises. Each student will have 1-2 exercise sessions per week.
-Writing an essay in cell and developmental biology.

-In addition the dental students have at the 2nd term tooth development, histology and morphology given by the department of Dentistry. Anatomy study module includes an optional course of the anatomical dissection.


Recommended or required reading 

Cell Biology: A.L. Kierszenbaum: Histology and Cell Biology: an introduction to pathology. Mosby, St Louis, (the latest edition).
Additional material: H.Lodish, A.Berk, C.A.Kaiser, M.Krieger, M.P.Scott, A.Bretscher, H.Ploegh: Molecular Cell Biology. W.H.Freeman and Co, New York (the latest edition).

Histology: A.L. Kierszenbaum: Histology and Cell Biology: an introduction to pathology. Mosby, St Louis, (the latest edition) or B. Young, J.S. Lowe, A. Stevens, J.W. Heath: Wheater's Functional Histology, A Text and Colour Atlas. Elsevier, Churchill Livingstone


Embryology: T.W. Sadler: Langman's Medical Embryology. Williams&Wilkins co, Baltimore or

H. Sariola, M. Filander, T. Heino, J. Jernvall, J. Partanen, K. Sainio, M. Salminen, I. Theseleff: Solusta yksilöksi, Kehitysbiologia. Kustannus Oy Duodecim, 2003

Anatomy textbook: R.L. Drake, A.W. Vogl, A.W.M. Mitchell: Grays Anatomy for students. Elsevier Churchill Livingstone (latest edition) or K.L. Moore: Clinically oriented Anatomy, Williams & Wilkins co (uusin painos)

Atlas: R. Putz, R. Pabst: Sobotta, Atlas of human anatomy, Vols I-II. Elsevier Urban&Fischer (latest edition) or F.H. Netter: Atlas of human anatomy.

Neuroanatomy textbook: W.Kahle, H. Leonhardt, W. Platzer: Color atlas and textbook of human anatomy, Vol III, G. Thieme Publ., Stuttgart (latest edition).


Web material: collection of essays written by students from previous courses of Medical cell and developmental biology histology, pathology and embryology (partly under construction)  H. Gray: Anatomy of the human body (1918) many atlas books, free access from the computers in the internet domain of Oulu University. Handouts of the lectures and practicals.

Assessment methods and criteria 

Participation in the small group teaching of macroscopic anatomy and histology. Writing an essay in cell and developmental biology. The anatomy study module includes examinations in cell and developmental biology, in neuroanatomy and the final anatomy examination.


Anatomy together with cell and developmental biology make the Anatomy course, which is composed of the following grades: a written examination of cell and developmental biology 30 credit points, neuroanatomy 10 credit points, examinations in small group sessions 30 credit points and final written examination in anatomy 50 credit points, in sum 120 credit points. The evaluation scale is   0-5 (0=fail, 5=excellent).

Person responsible 

Professor Juha Tuukkanen: Anatomy

Professor Petri Lehenkari: Medical cell and developmental biology

Other information 

The course is the same for medical and dental students.


Current and future instruction
No instruction in WebOodi

Future examinations
No examinations in WebOodi