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040106A Pharmacology and toxicology, 10 ECTS cr 
Code 040106A  Validity 01.01.1950 -
Name Pharmacology and toxicology  Abbreviation PHARMACOLOGY AN 
Scope10 ECTS cr   
TypeBasic Studies Discipline5401 Medicine 
  Grading1 - 5, pass, fail 
Unit Medicine 

Hakkola, Jukka Antti Tapio 

ECTS Credits  10.0 p 
Language of instruction 



Timing  C4 / DC4 
Learning outcomes 

The student will learn fundamentals of pharmacology and toxicology. After passing the course the student should know how the body affects a specific drug after administration and physiologic effects of drugs and their mechanisms of action. The student should get familiar with major drug classes and their role in the treatment of disease. Furthermore, the student understands the basis of individualized drug therapy. After passing the course, the student should have ability to safe and efficient drug therapy.


The basic terminology of pharmacology: pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Systematic review of major classes of drugs: drugs affecting cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal drugs, drugs affecting the respiratory tract, drug treatment of pain, drugs used to treat endocrinological disorders, affecting the central nervous system, anesthetic agents, antimicrobial drugs, anticancer drugs. Details of key drugs in each class will be discussed including route of administration, drug effects, drug interactions and most common adverse effects. Toxicology: the basics of toxicology, the most common poisonings, tissue specific toxic responses in most important organs and fundamentals of risk assessment.

Learning activities and teaching methods 

Lectures (77 h) and tutorials (compulsory, 18 h). In tutorials, students discuss with tutor about the topics of lectures. A web-based exam and three written exams.

Recommended or required reading 

Olavi Pelkonen and Heikki Ruskoaho (eds.) Lääketieteellinen farmakologia ja toksikologia (Kustannus Oy Duodecim) (latest edition) or equivalent textbook.

Assessment methods and criteria 

Lectures, tutorials, web-based exam, written examination.


The evaluation scale is 5-1/fail

Person responsible 

Professor Heikki Ruskoaho, professor Jukka Hakkola and lecturer Jaana Rysä

Other information 

At the beginning of the course students study independently for a test evaluating the required level of knowledge of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. In addition, two essay examinations ( worth one-third of the final grade) and final exam (worth two-thirds of the final grade) are included.


Current and future instruction
No instruction in WebOodi

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